Medicinal Plants Cultivation: A Scientific Approach      

Medicinal Plants Cultivation: A Scientific Approach

Publisher : AGROBIOS (INDIA)
Author name: Purohit SS, Vyas SP
Book ISBN : 9788177542141
Language : ENGLISH
Publishing year : 2012
Book Edition : [Edition : 1ST ]
Number of pages : 700
Weight : 1450.00 Gms.
Binding Type : HARD BOUND
List Price : Rupee : 2000.00
USDollar : 100.00
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Special Price: Rupee : 2000.00
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About Book

World Health Organisation (WHO) has estimated that atleast 80% of the world population rely on traditional systems of Medicine for their primary health needs. These systems are largely plant based. According to WHO over 21 000 plant species are useful in the preparation of medicines. Due to the growing awareness about side effects and complications of chemical and synthetic medicines, cosmetics and health supplements, usage of herbal products has gained importance both in the Eastern and Western worlds. Herbal plants have global market worth about US$ 62 billion per annum and Indias share is only 0.2%. We hope that this market will grow up to about 15% in near future. Planning Commission of Government of India in June 1999 has established a task force to study the export market. The task force suggested to fix up the target of medicinal plant export to the tune of Rs. 3000 crores by 2005 and Rs. 10,000 crores by 2010. This is the proper time for India to make relentless efforts to take substantial cultivation and share in current herbal market. The uncontrolled collection and sale of large quantities of plant material from the forest leads to destruction of many forest plants. Local communities, traditional medicinal herbalists and herbal medicine vendors popularly collect roots, bark and whole shrubs. This is a serious problem. Cultivation of medicinal plants especially high value medicinal plants is creating new dimension in the field of agriculture. The Medicinal Plant Industry puts together the various facets of this multi-disciplinary industry and its global interest. The need for developing countries to acquire technologies and techniques for programmed cultivation of medicinal plants is a current issue. Various aspects of medicinal plant cultivation includes old philosophies, modern impact of traditional medicines, and methods of assessing the spontaneous flora for industrial utilization, climatic variations, biological assessment, formulation, process technologies, phytochemical research and information sources. Indian herbal Industry is at blooming stage, however cultivation of medicinal plants is not so easy. It is a challenging task because less is known about their seed biology. Much efforts have not been made to search elite specimens and their propagation. There is a need for a scientific approach for propagation of medicinal plants and to collect relevant information regarding agrotechnology, genuine planting material, economics of field cultivation, high yielding varieties etc. One has to explore wild medicinal plant species and to bring them under cultivation. Sometimes plants selected from the wild population may be suitable for the cultivation and there is no immediate necessity for any improvement programs in it. Scientific cropping of industrially important medicinal plant is an integrated approach with agricultural and forestry with optimum land and water resources utilization. In India, various medicinal plants are cultivated and domesticated, therefore, International trade is looking to procure medicinal plant materials from India for the production of pharmaceutical, nutraceutical and cosmeticeutical preparations. India is also making efforts for cultivation, collection, characterization, planned hybridization programs for improvement of the plant species, and conservation medicinal plants restoring their genetic resources, etc for commercial cultivation. Plant the breeders of medicinal plant play key role in improvement of medicinal plants because he cares for stable produce, uniform plant growth and maturity, economic to grow and of good quality. Indian farmers are facing various problems in cultivation of medicinal plants because of lack of proper agro-technology, high fees for packages developed by various organizations, lack of reliable and standardized technology package, lack of planting material, market potential and system, cultivated vs wild plants, organic farming techniques, etc. Knowledge of post-harvest processing technology of plants for the extraction of chemicals and preparations of active formulations is still needed. For this purpose one has to take help of research organizations, private institutes, farmers, NGOs public sector institutes etc. for better technical know-how of cultivation and post-harvest techniques of medicinal plants. Role of women in particular in harvesting most of the forest produce and collecting fuel wood is of paramount importance. This has generated income for them and in turn improved quality of their life. The purpose of the present book to gives overall information about general cultivation practices of medicinal plants. Individual plant has also been discussed with its cultivation techniques. Procedure for getting financial aids through various financial agencies has also been mentioned.

About Author

Dr. S. S. Purohit (b. July, 1948) obtained M. Sc. (Gold Medal) and Ph. D. from Udaipur University, Udaipur. He was visiting guest scientist in various foreign universities. He has 30 years of teaching experience of UG and PG students, specially Plant Physiology. He has guided 12 M. Phil and 4 Ph. D. students. He is well known writer and written about 30 books and 125 articles on various subjects of Botany. He left teaching in 2000 and joined Agrobios (India). Presently, he is the Managing Director of Agrobios (India) and Editor, Agrobios News Letter.

Dr. S. P. Vyas (b. 1947) obtained his M. Sc. (Botany) and Ph. D. Degree from Jodhpur University, Jodhpur. He is associated with CAZRI, Jodhpur since 1976 after working as lecturer in Department of Botany, University of Jodhpur for five years and has been actively perusing research in the areas of assessment and utilization production and quality improvement of various crops and plants of economic importance. He is engaged in the research areas of wasteland development and alternate land use system under varied agro ecological situations. His scientific achievements are amply reflected in more then 100 research papers in journals of National and International reputed and books authored by him. Presently, he is working as Principal Scientist (Plant Physiology), CAZRI, Regional Research Station Marwar-Pali.

Book Contents

SECTION 1: GENERAL PRACTICES OF CULTIVATION, Processing and Financial Guidelines
1. Medicinal Plants: Present and Future
2. Classification, Identification and Naming of Medicinal Plants
3. Production and Management of Medical Plans on Farms
4. Cultivation of Medicinal Plants: An Eco-Friendly Approach
5. Mulching Practices
6. Propagation of Medicinal Plants
7. Diseases of Medicinal Plants
8. Pests and Pest Management in Medicinal Plants
9. Harvest Technology and Value Addition of Medicinal Plants
10. Who Guidelines for the Assessment of Herbal Medicines
11. Improvement of Medicinal Plants
12. Conservation Strategies of Medicinal Plants
13. Medicinal Plants in Trade
14. National Medicinal Plans Board
15. Sources of Financial Aids for Medicinal Plant Cultivation
1. Abelmosclms moschatus Linn. (Maskdana)
2. Acacia arabica Lamk. Willd (Babul)
3. Acacia catechu L.F. Willd (Khair)
4. Achyranthes aspera Linn. (Puthkunda, Chirchitta, Latjira)
5. Aconitum heterophyllum Wall. (Attis)
6. Adhatoda vasica Nees (Adulasa)
7. Aegle marmelos Correa Ex Roxb. (Bale)
8. Albizia odoratissima Benth. (Black Siris or Ceylon Rosewood/ Kala Siris)
9. Allium sativum Linn. (Garlic)
10. Aloe vera Toun Ex Linn. (Aloe)
11. Alstonia scholaris R. Br. (Devil's Tree)
12. Anacardium occidental Linn. (Cashew)
13. Andrographis paniculata Nees. (King of Bitters)
14. Apium graveolens Linn. (Celery)
15. Areca catechu Linn. (Areca-Nut/Betel-Nut Palm)
16. Asparagus racemosus Willd. (Shatavari)
17. Atropa belladonna Linn. (Belladonna/ Indian Atropa)
18. Bacopa monnieri (Linn.) Pennell (Barami)
19. Balsamodendron myrrha (Bol / Bal)
20. Bambusa arundinacea Retz. Willd. (Bans)
21. Bergenia ligulata Wall. (Pashanabheda)
22. Boerhaavia diffusa Linn. (Gadahpurna)
23. Bombax malabaricum Dc. (Shaalmali)
24. Butea monosperma Lam. / Erythrina Monosperma Lam. (Flame of the Forest)
25. Cassia angustifolia Vahl. (Senna)
26. Cassia fistula Linn. (Amaltas /Indian Laburnum)
27. Cassia tora Linn. (Chakunda)
28. Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don. (Sadabahar)
29. Caesalpinia bonduc (Linn.) Roxb. (Kantkarej)
30. Chamomilla recutita (German Chamomile)
31. Chlorophytum borivillionam (Safed Musli)
32. Cinchona sp. (Cinchona)
33. Cinnamomum sp. (Cinnamon)
34. Coleusforskohlii (Willd.) Briq. (Pathar-Choor or Pashan Bhadi)
35. Comiphora wightii Arn. (Guggal)
36. Costus speciosus (Koen. Ex Retz.) (Kebu or Keyu)
37. Curcuma angustifolia Roxb. (Tikhur)
38. Cymbopogon martinii (Roxb.) Wats (Rusa Grass)
39. Cyperus scariosus R. Br. (Nagar-Motha)
40. Embelia ribes Burm. F. (Vayvidamg, Bhabhiramg)
41. Datura sp. (Datura)
42. Digitalis sp. (Tilpushpi)
43. Dioscorea sp. (Greater Yam/ Asiatic Yam)
44. Duboisia myoporoides (Corkwood Tree)
45. Elettaria cardamomum Maton. (Cardamom)
46. Eucalyptus sp. (Eucalyptus)
47. Fagopyrum esculentum Moench. (Buckwheat)
48. Ficus bengalensis Linn. (Banyan Tree)
49. Ficus glomerata Roxb. / F. Racemora Linn. (Gular Fig)
50. Foeniculum vulgare Mill. (Saunf)
51. Gloriosa superba Linn. (Glory Lily)
52. Glycyrrhize glabra Linn. (Mulhatti)
53. Grewia tilifolia Vahl. (Bhimal /Grewia)
54. Hemidesmus indicus (Linn.) R. Br. (Anantamul)
55. Hyoscyamus niger Linn. (Henbane/ Khurasani-Ajvayan)
56. Jatropha curcas L. (Ratanjyot)
57. Lawsonia inermis Linn. (Mehandi)
58. Lepidium sativum L. (Chandrasur)
59. Leptadenia reticulata W. & A. (Jivanti)
60. Mentha arvensis Linn. (Pudina)
61. Mucuna pruriens Bak. (Kawanch)
62. Murraya koenijii Linn. (Spr English/ Curry Leaf Tree)
63. Oxystelma secamone Linn. (Dudhialata)
64. Ocimum basilicum L. (Tulsi)
65. Phyllanthus emblica Linn. (Indian Gooseberry/ Amla)
66. Picrorhiza kurroa Royle Ex Benth (Kutaki)
67. Pimento dioica (Linn.) Merrill (Allspice)
68. Piper longum Linn. (Pipli)
69. Plantago ovata Forsk (Isaphgol)
70. Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (Babchi)
71. Rosa sp. (Gulab)
72. Saraca indica Linn. (Ashok)
73. Saussurea lappa, C. B. Clarke (Kuth)
74. Silybum marianum Linn. (Holy Thistle)
75. Strychnos nuxvomica Linn. (Kuchala)
76. Terminalia arjuna Roxb. Pentaptera arjuna Roxb. (Arjun)
77. Terminalia bellerica Roxb. Myrobalans bellerica Gaertn. (Bahera /Belleric Myrobalan)
78. Terminalia chebula Retz. (Harara/ Chebulicmyrobalan)
79. Tinospora cordifolia (Willd) Miers. (Giloe)
80. Tribulus terrestris L. (Gokharu)
81. Trigonella foenum-graecum Linn. (Fenugreek)
82. Valeriana sp. (Tagar)
83. Vitex negundo Linn. (Nirgandi)
84. Withania somnifera Dunal. (Ashwagandha)
85. Zingiber officinale rose (Ginger)
Section III - Additional Information
1. Glossary
2. Appendix
3. Agro-Techniques for Different Medicinal Plants
4. Conversion Tables
5. Fertilizer Contents
6. Sulphur Fertilizers
7. Various Compounds with Nutrient Content
8. Nutrient Content of Non-Conventional Green Manures
9. Comparison Between Chemical Fertilizers and Biofertilizers
10. Microorganisms Used as Bioferilizers
11. Comparison of the Available Mineral Elements in the Cast of Earthworms and in the Upper Layer of Ploughed Soil
12. Nutrient Status of Some Industrial Wastes
13. Crop Residue Potential
14. Average Nutrient Content of Some Common Farm Residues
15. Few B iodynamic Preparations
16. Nutrient Potential of Green Manures
17. Important Web Sites for Medicinal Plants
18. E-Mail and Postal Office Address Related to Medicinal Plants
19. Addresses of Eco-Friendly Farming
20. Resources for Vermicompost
21. Agencies/ Individuals Working On Organic Farming in India
22. State Medicinal Plants Board